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Michigan Income Tax Return, Form MI-1040

The Michigan State Income Taxes for Tax Year 2020  (January 1 - Dec. 31, 2020) can be prepared and e-Filed now along with an IRS or Federal Income Tax Return. Alternatively, you can also only prepare and mail-in a MI state return. The latest deadline for e-filing a Michigan Tax Returns is April 15, 2021 May 17, 2021.

efile Michigan tax return
"The Great Lakes State"

Prepare and eFile your Michigan State together with your IRS 2020 Tax Return (e.g resident, nonresident, or part-year resident returns). Be aware that the IRS and the Michigan State State Tax Agency requires you to eFile a Federal Income Tax Return at the same time you e-File a State Tax Return. This is an IRS and State Tax Agency policy, not an eFile.com policy. Thus, you technically cannot eFile anywhere - not just eFile.com - a Michigan Tax Return without also e-filing the associated IRS Tax Return. But there is good news, please read on.

Tip: File on time, even if you can't pay on time, as the late filing penalties are higher than the late payment penalties.  Estimate your possible IRS penalties by using our free PENALTYucator tool.

Detailed instructions on how you can only prepare and mail in - not eFile - a Michigan 2020 Tax Return - here via eFile.com. You can complete and sign the 2020 tax return forms online here on eFile, before you download, print and mail them to the state tax agency. The address is listed on the form. The IRS mailing address can be looked up here.

Prepare only a MI State Return without an IRS return. Details
Step by Step instructions on how to only Prepare and Download - not eFile - State Returns on eFile.com.
Where Is Your Michigan Tax Refund Money?
Step 1: Sign into your eFile.com account and check acceptance by the Tax Agency.
Step 2: Check your Michigan Tax Refund Status.
Where is Your IRS Refund?
Step 1: Sign into your eFile.com account and check acceptance by the IRS.
Step 2: Check your IRS Tax Refund Status.
Michigan Income Tax Extension
Michigan Income Tax Amendment
How to correct a rejected Tax Return
If your MI Tax Return was rejected by the MI Tax Agency - not eFile.com - instructions on how to correct a rejected Michigan Tax Return.
Michigan IRS Late Filing, Tax Payment Penalties

1. Late Filing Penalty: The failure to file penalty is 5% of your total taxes owed for the first two months. Five percent of the unpaid tax is assessed each month after the initial two months. The maximum penalty amount is equal to 25% of your unpaid tax debt.
2. Late Payment Penalty: The failure to pay tax penalty is the same as the failure to file penalty. 
3. IRS Penalties: Calculate and Estimate your potential IRS Income Tax Return Penalties.

MI Tax Return Mailing Addresses
Find various Michigan Mailing Addresses for tax returns, tax amendments, and tax payments. 
Michigan Income Tax Brackets
Michigan Income Tax Forms
Michigan Unemployment Benefits
Unemployment benefits are subject to income taxes in Michigan.


Start Federal and Michigan Tax Returns

2021 Michigan Income Tax Filing Deadlines by Tax Year

The majority of deadlines listed here are for Tax Year 2020. Some apply to upcoming Tax Years and some are IRS or Federal deadlines.

May 17, 2021
Tax Year 2020
Income Tax Return
Prepare and e-File an IRS (Due Date May 17, 2021) and Michigan State Income Tax Return (Due Date May 17, 2021) until October 15, 2021. - eFileIT*
May 17, 2021
2020 Income Tax Extension
October 15, 2021
Tax Year 2020
Income Tax Return after the May 17, 2021 Michigan Tax Extension
Last day to e-File a 2020 Michigan State Income Tax Return for Tax Extension Filers and late eFilers. You can only e-File (to file by paper see below) Michigan Income Tax Return together with an IRS Tax Return. eFileIT*
October 15, 2021 via mail-in Forms.
Forms incl. Mailing Address are listed below.
Tax Year 2020
Income Tax Return after the May 17, 2021 Michigan Tax Extension
Deadline for taxpayers who got a MI Tax Extension to file their MI Income Tax Return by mail-in Forms - the Forms incl. mailing addresses are listed below - is October 15, 2021. (Optionally, the eFileIT* deadline is Oct. 15, 2021). Instructions on how to only - without the IRS return - prepare and file a Michigan State Income Tax Return on eFile.com.
Tax Amendment for all Tax Years
IRS Due Dates
IRS Tax Return, Extension, Amendment Deadlines
2021, 2022, etc.
Other State Tax Return, Extension, Amendment Deadlines
Select respective State Tax Return Deadlines.
2021, 2022, etc.
IRS Federal Income Tax Return, Amendment, Extension Deadlines
May 17, 2024
2020 Michigan Income Tax Return Refund.
IRS Tax Return Refund Claim Deadline
The last day to file - you will not face late filing penalties - and claim your 2020 Michigan Income Tax Return Refund. This deadline does not apply if you owe 2020 Income Taxes.

E-File These 2020 Michigan State Tax Forms

Prepare and e-file these state forms for 2020 in conjunction with your federal and state income tax return. As you proceed through the tax interview on eFile.com, the application will select the correct state forms for you. You can also select tax forms individually. All these forms will then be e-filed by you to the MI state tax agency. Instructions on how to only prepare a state income tax return.

eFileIT Now*
Form MI-461
Excess Business Loss
Form MI-1040
Individual Income Tax Return
Form MI-1040CR
Homestead Property Tax Credit Claim
Form MI-1040CR-2
Homestead Property Tax Credit Claim for Veterans and Blind People
Form MI-1040CR-7
Home Heating Credit Claim
Schedule 5606
Excess Business Loss Continuation Schedule
Form MI-1040 Schedule 1
Income Additions and Subtractions
Schedule NR
Nonresident and Part-Year Resident Schedule
Determines your paycheck MI Tax Withholding amount per employer.
Step 1: Complete and submit to your employer(s).
Step 2: Estimate, Calculate your IRS Tax Withholding now.
Not filed with the State. Submit to Employer only.

* Due to IRS and State Tax Agency tax data sharing and validation requirements, you can only e-file a State Income Tax Return while also e-filing a Federal Income Tax Return. This is not an eFile.com created policy, but all online tax web sites have to adhere to this IRS/state issued tax data sharing policy. You can however prepare all 44 State Income Tax Returns on eFile.com if you have already e-Filed or filed your IRS return. Instructions on how you can ONLY prepare and file State Income Tax Return(s). Only on eFile.com can you prepare, file or e-file unlimited State Tax Returns for one low price and not pay for each State return like you would do on H&R Block® vs. TurboTax®. Dare to Compare Now.

How To File a Michigan Tax Extension

If you are certain that you cannot file your Michigan return by the deadline, you had to file Form 4, Application for Extension of Time to File Michigan Tax Returns, or a copy of your federal extension to the Michigan state tax agency by May 17, 2021. The extended tax return due date is October 15, 2021. This extension does not give you more time to pay any taxes due. If you expect to owe income taxes, you should submit your payment with Form 4. If you e-filed your return and are making a payment by check or money order, you must complete a Form 4 on eFile.com. If you are making a payment by credit card, a Form 4 is not needed. If you are making an automatic extension payment, you also must use Form 4 unless it is made electronically. Use eFile.com and prepare a Michigan tax return to find out what your Michigan state income tax payment will be.

Instructions on how to eFile an IRS tax extension for free on eFile.com by May 17, 2021.

The extended IRS/Michigan eFile deadline is Oct. 15, 2021 - eFileIT* now. If you plan to file or mail-in a Michigan tax return on paper - the Forms and Mailing Address are below - your due date is Oct. 15, 2021. 

Michigan State Tax Payment Options
You can select one of these payment options either after you have e-filed or filed your 2020 Michigan Tax Return. Alternatively, you can pay Michigan income taxes here prior to filing (e.g in the case of an extension). Plus, you can make online Michigan tax estimate payments for next tax year. If you eFiled your taxes and pay online, you do not have to send in Michigan paper forms (e.g. payer tax return, extension form, or tax estimate form). 
Enter your information with Michigan Department of Treasury and choose "Make echeck ePayment" and select "2019 MI-1040" as your payment type to submit your payment. Make sure you have a copy of your most recently filed and accepted Michigan Tax Return.
Check the status of your direct payment
This is a free option if you want to pay your taxes owed via your bank account.
Submit a tax payment through Michigan e-Payment site. When you're on the site, select "make a Debit or Credit Card e-Payment"  option and select "2019 MI-1040" as your payment type, then follow the on-screen prompts to enter and submit your information (e.g. SSN, Tax Year, Primary Taxpayer Name, and Spouse's information).
Use this payment option if you want to pay your tax payment via your credit or debit card. There is an 2.35% fee of the total tax payments for credit cards or a flat $3.95 fee for debit cards.
Check or Money Order with Form MI-1040-V
Complete voucher Form MI-1040-V and attach it to your check or money order payable to "State of Michigan" and write your last four Social Security number on the check. Mail the Form MI-1040-V address below.
Use this payment option if you wish to submit your payment via check or money order in the mail. 
Estimated Tax Payment Options
Choose one of these options: 1) Enter your information with the Michigan Department of Treasury e-Payment Site to submit your estimated payment and choose "2020 Estimate".  2) Pay via ACH credit by sending tax payments from your bank account to the Michigan Department of Treasury.  3) Pay via credit or debit card (choose the "2020 Estimate and the Quarter to apply your payment"). Be aware that a service fee is added to each payment you submit with your card. 4) Complete voucher Form MI-1040ES. Attach a check or money order for the tax period payable to "State of Michigan". Write your last four Social Security numbers and "2020 MI-1040ES" on the check or money order. Mail the voucher and check/money order to the Form MI-1040ES address here.
Use one of these payment options if you want to submit estimated taxes rather than submit all your taxes owed at once. 
Many of these online IRS tax payment options can be used before or after you e-Filed your Income Taxes. You can pay tax extension and tax estimate payments. For estimate payments, you do not have to submit a form. Extension you can eFile on eFile.com for free.
These payment options are independent from you preparing and eFiling your tax returns on eFile.com. eFile.com offers these payment options for the convenience of all tax payers.


Michigan Tax Return, Amendment, etc. Mailing Addresses
Addresses to mail Michigan Tax Returns, Amendments, Extensions, or Tax Payments.
MI Tax Return or Amended Tax Return: Address if you expect a Tax Refund on your Tax Return
Michigan Department of Treasury
Lansing, MI 48956
MI Tax Return or Amended Return: Address if you owe Taxes and include payment.
Michigan Department of Treasury
Lansing, MI 48929
MI Tax Extension: Address if you owe Taxes and include payment. Tax Extension Payments, include Form 4. Tip: Make Tax Payments online and you will not have to mail in Form 4.  See above.
Michigan Department of Treasury
P.O. Box 30774
Lansing, MI 48909
MI Tax Payment: include voucher Form MI-1040-V
Michigan Department of Treasury
P.O. Box 30774
Lansing, MI 48909
MI Tax Estimate Payments: include Form MI-1040ES.
Michigan Department of Treasury
P.O. Box 30774
Lansing, MI 48909


Other U.S. States, Territories, and Protectorates.