Social Security Benefits and Taxable Income

One of the first questions most people want to know when they start receiving Social Security benefits is, is this income taxable? If you are still working when you receive Social Security and you have income from other sources, it is possible that a portion of your Social Security income will be taxable. How much of your Social Security income is taxable depends on your total income from all sources and your marital status.

If Social Security is your only source of income, then it is usually not taxed. If you receive Social Security benefits, you will be sent a Form 1099-SSA, which will show the total dollar amount of your Social Security income for the year. The easiest and most accurate way to find out if you need to pay taxes on your Social Security income is to start a free tax return on Based on the information you provide from your 1099-SSA and other income sources (if you have them), we will determine whether or not you have to pay Social Security taxes and if so, we will calculate the amount and prepare the forms necessary to file with your tax return to report your Social Security benefits.

If you need more information on Social Security and how it affects your tax return, see the information below.

Social Security Income

Generally your Social Security income will only be taxed if you have income from other sources and your combined income is more than a certain base amount. If Social Security is your only source of income, then generally you do not need to file a tax return, of course there may be other reasons that you need to file a return.

Social security income includes: 

  • Disability benefits
  • Pension
  • Monthly retirement benefits
  • Survivor benefits

Social Security income does not include Supplemental Security Income payments. Those payments are not taxable.

A Quick Look -  SEE if Your Social Security Income might be Taxable:

  1. Add half of your Social Security income to all of your other income, including non-taxable interest and other excluded income.
  2. Compare this total to the base amount for your filing status:
  3. If your total income is more than the base amount, you might owe some tax on your Social Security benefits. You can use the worksheet in the Form 1040 Instructions, or use the easiest method which is to prepare your return on to find out exactly how much of your Social Security income is taxable.

Social Security Income and Other Types of Income:

If you also had income from other sources, your Social Security income will only be taxed if your combined income is more than a certain amount. This amount (called the base amount) depends on your filing status, but you don't just add all of your income together and compare it to the base amount. There is a worksheet to help you calculate it. This is because even if your Social Security is taxable, only a portion of it will actually be taxed. The maximum amount that may be taxed is 85% and this is all calculated by when you prepare your return.

There are a few things that could make the computations even more complicated, and could make you owe a bit more or less tax on your benefits. These include receiving foreign income, receiving and excluding income from Series EE or Series I U.S. Savings Bonds, receiving adoption assistance from your employer, contributing to an IRA while being covered by a qualified retirement plan, and receiving Railroad Retirement Benefits.

TaxTip: Because it is so complicated to calculate the amount of Social Security income that is taxable, it is highly recommended that you use tax software, such as, to prepare your tax return.

Social Security and Taxes - A Brief History to Current

Just about everyone who earns an income from working has to pay FICA (Federal Insurance Contributions Act) tax. This payroll tax is made up of Social Security and Medicare taxes, which are used to ensure that those government programs remain funded. Employees have Social Security and Medicare taxes withheld from their pay along with income taxes. The self-employed have to pay Social Security and Medicare taxes through self-employment taxes.

The 2018 rates for employee FICA taxes are: 

  • Social Security: 6.2%
  • Medicare: 1.45%

The amount that you pay in Social Security taxes throughout one's working career is associated with the Social Security benefits that you receive later in life, but the amount you contribute will not equal the amount of benefits to which you have access. You generally owe Social Security taxes on the first $128,400 of your 2018 gross income. Medicare taxes are generally paid on 100% of your annual income.

Excess Social Security Tax

If you had more than one employer who each withheld taxes from your pay, and if your total gross income was over $128,400 in 2018, you may have had too much money withheld for Social Security taxes. Any Social Security taxes paid on Tax Year 2018 income from $128,400  to infinity is considered excess social security tax and will be refunded to you (or credited against your income tax balance due) when you file a tax return. If your employer erroneously withheld too much Social Security taxes from your pay (for example, more than 6.2%), you should ask your employer for a refund of the overpayment before filing a tax return.

How to efile Social Security on Your Tax Return

If you prepare your tax return on, and you have taxable income, we will determine the correct amount of tax on your Social Security benefits, and we will prepare the correct forms that you need to report your Social Security income with your return. If any amount of your Social Security benefits are taxable, you can file your tax return on Form 1040.

Learn more about Social Security and your taxes in Publication 915 - Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits.