Are Social Security Benefits Taxable Income?
If you receive Social Security benefits, you will be sent a Form 1099-SSA, which will show the total dollar amount of your Social Security income for the year. But do you have to pay taxes on your Social Security benefits?
If you have income from other sources besides Social Security, it is possible that a portion of your Social Security income will be taxable. Whether it is, and how much of it is taxable, depends on your marital status and your total income from all sources.
Is My Social Security Income Taxable?
Generally, your Social Security income will only be taxed if you have income from other sources and your combined income is more than a certain base amount.
What Are Examples of Social Security Income?
Social security income includes:
- Disability benefits
- Monthly retirement benefits
- Survivor benefits
Are There Types of Income That Are Not Considered Social Security Income?
Social Security income does not include Supplemental Security Income payments. Those payments are not taxable.
If Social Security is My Only Income, Is It Taxable? Do I Have to File a Tax Return?
Your Social Security income is almost never taxable and you may not need to file a tax return (your benefits would have to be unusually generous for the income to be taxable).
Will My Social Security Income Be Taxed If I Have Other Types of Income?
If you also had income from other sources, your Social Security income will only be taxed if your combined income is more than a certain amount. This amount (called the "base amount") depends on your filing status, but you don't just add all of your income together and compare it to the base amount (no, it couldn't be that simple). There is a worksheet to figure it all out. This is because, even if your Social Security is taxable, only a portion of it will actually be taxed. The maximum amount that may be taxed is 85% and this is all calculated by the efile.com.
There are a few things that could make the computations even more complicated, and could make you owe a bit more or less tax on your benefits. These include receiving foreign income, receiving and excluding income from Series EE or Series I U.S. Savings Bonds, receiving adoption assistance from your employer, contributing to an IRA while being covered by a qualified retirement plan, and receiving Railroad Retirement Benefits.
A Quick Way to Tell if Your Social Security Income Might Be Taxable or Not:
Important: The income amounts below are for 2016 tax returns. We will update them once the IRS releases the 2017 income amounts.
- Add half of your Social Security income to all of your other income, including non-taxable interest and other excluded income.
- Compare this total to the base amount for your filing status:
- If your total income is more than the base amount, you might owe some tax on your Social Security benefits. You can use the worksheet in the Form 1040 Instructions, or efile.com, to find out exactly how much of your Social Security income is taxable.
Learn more in Publication 915 - Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits.
TaxTip: Because it is so complicated to calculate the amount of Social Security income that is taxable, it is highly recommended that you use tax software, such as efile.com, to prepare your tax return.
Why Do I Pay Social Security Taxes?
Just about everyone who earns an income from working has to pay FICA (Federal Insurance Contributions Act) tax. This payroll tax is made up of Social Security and Medicare taxes, which are used to ensure that those government programs remain funded.
How Do I Pay Social Security and Medicare Taxes?
Employees generally have Social Security and Medicare taxes withheld from their pay along with income taxes. The self-employed have to pay Social Security and Medicare taxes through self-employment taxes.
How Much Are Social Security and Medicare Taxes?
The 2017 rates for employee FICA taxes are:
- Social Security: 6.2%
- Medicare: 1.45%
The amount that you pay in Social Security taxes throughout one's working career is associated with the social security benefits that you receive later in life, but the amount you contribute will not equal the amount of benefits to which you have access.
What Are the Limits on Social Security Taxes?
You generally owe Social Security taxes on the first $127,200 of your 2017 gross income. Medicare taxes are generally paid on 100% of your annual income.
What Is Excess Social Security Tax?
If you had more than one employer who each withheld taxes from your pay, and if your total gross income was over $127,200 in 2017, you may have had too much money withheld for Social Security taxes. Any Social Security taxes paid on Tax Year 2017 income from $127,200 to infinity is considered excess social security tax and will be refunded to you (or credited against your income tax balance due) when you file a tax return.
If your employer erroneously withheld too much Social Security taxes from your pay (for example, more than 4.2%), you should ask your employer for a refund of the overpayment before filing a tax return.
Can I efile Social Security Income on My Tax Return?
If you prepare your tax return on efile.com, and you have taxable income, we will determine the correct amount of tax on your Social Security benefits, and the correct forms for you to use. If any amount of your Social Security benefits are taxable, you can file your tax return on Form 1040A or Form 1040(Not sure which form you should file? Find out which Form 1040 to file).
Can I Prepare, efile a Tax Return with Social Security Income on Form 1040-EZ?
Unfortunately, taxable Social Security income cannot be claimed on a Form 1040EZ, so you will not qualify to use the Free Federal Edition. However our prices for preparing a 1040A efile it or a 1040 efile it are the lowest around (and the accuracy, ease-of-use, and peace-of-mind are well worth the low price)!
Compare our tax return preparation prices.
Can I Prepare a Tax Return Online with Only Social Security Income?
If your only income is nontaxable, then you are not required to file a tax return (see the filing requirements), and regrettably, efile.com will not be able to generate a return for you.