IRS Standard Tax Deductions 2020, 2021

Standard Deductions

by Annie Spratt

These Standard Deductions will be applied by Tax Year for your IRS and State return(s) respectively. As a result of the latest tax reform the standard deductions have increased significantly, however many other deductions got discontinued as a result of the same tax reform. If all this reading is not for you, please simple estimate your 2020 Tax Return now for free and get real results as they only apply to your tax situation.

Furthermore, when you prepare and e-File your 2020 Tax Return on eFile.com, the eFile Tax app will work for your benefit and either apply or recommend standard deductions or itemized deductions. In other words, you don't have to figure out whether to itemize deductions or whether to use standardized deductions. Choosing to itemize versus a standard deduction on your return or not is done by the eFile.com app for you based on the information you entered and presented to you. Even if the itemized deduction is more beneficial to you, you can still select and claim one of the federal standard deduction amounts below based on your tax return for the given Tax Year.

Current Tax Year 2020 Standard Tax Deductions

These Standard Deduction amounts are for 2020 Tax Returns that are due on April 15, 2021. You can e-File 2020 Tax Returns until Oct. 15, 2021 however, late filing or late tax payment penalties might apply if you owe Taxes.

Filing Status
Age
Standard Deduction
Single
Less < 65
$12,400
Blind: $14,050
Single
Plus ≥ 65
$14,050
Blind: $15,700
Head of Household
Less < 65
$18,650
Blind: $20,300
Head of Household
Plus ≥ 65
$20,300
Blind: $21,950
Married Filing Separately
Less < 65
$12,400
Blind: $14,050
Married Filing Separately
Plus ≥ 65
$14,050
Blind: $15,700
Married Filing Separately
As married filing separately if one spouse itemizes deductions, the other spouse can not claim the standard deduction. If one spouse itemizes deductions then the other spouse must also itemize deductions in order to claim deductions.
Attention: This standard deduction table is only here for information purposes. When you prepare and eFile your taxes on eFile.com all of these various scenarios will be calculated for you. Plus, the eFile tax app will calculate itemized deductions for you and make recommendation to you. However, you decide which deduction method you prefer. eFileIT and Make IT Less Taxing!
Married Filing Jointly
Less < 65
$24,800
Blind
One: $26,100
Both: $27,400
Married Filing Jointly
Plus ≥ 65
One: $26,100
Both: 27,400
Blind
One: $27,400
Both: $28,700
Married Filing Jointly
Sample: If one spouse was age 62 and legally blind and the other spouse was age 67. The standard deduction in this case would be calculated as follows: $24,800 (standard MFJ) plus $1,300 for the spouse under 65 and legally blind, plus $1,300 for the spouse over 65: Total Stand Deduction would be: $27,400
Qualifying Widow(er)
Less < 65
$24,800
Blind: $26,100
Qualifying Widow(er)
Plus ≥ 65
$26,100
Blind: $27,400
Dependent
At any age, if you are a dependent on another persons' tax return and you are filing your own tax return you standard deduction can not exceed the greater of $1,100 or the sum of $350 and your individual earned income. Learn more about how to file a tax return as a dependent.
Sample 1: If your earned income was $700. Your standard deduction would be: $1,100 as the sum of $700 plus $350 is $1,050 thus less than $1,100.
Sample 2: If your income was $3,200 you standard deduction would be: $3,550 as the sum of $3,200 plus $350 is $3,550 thus greater than $1,100.
Learn more about who qualifies as a dependent
Nonresident Aliens
As a nonresident alien and dual-status aliens you are not allowed to claim the standard deduction and must itemize in order to claim tax deductions on Form 1040NR.

Standard Deduction Exception Summary for Tax Year 2020

  • If you are age 65 or older, your standard deduction increases by $1,650 if you file as Single or Head of Household. If you are legally blind your standard deduction increases by $1,650.
  • If you are Married Filing Jointly and you OR your spouse is 65 or older, your standard deduction increases by $1,300. If BOTH you and your spouse are 65 or older, your standard deduction increases by $2,600. If one of you is legally blind it increases by $1,300 and if both are it increases by $2,600.
  • As Qualifying Widow(er) it increases by $1,300 if you are 65 or older. If you are legally blind it increases by $1,300.
  • Disaster Loss: Your standard deduction may only be increased by the net amount of any disaster loss you suffered if your area is a federally declared disaster. This is the same amount you would report as an itemized deduction if you were itemizing.

To qualify as blind by the IRS, you must keep in your tax records a certified letter from an eye doctor (or optometrist) stating that you have non correctable 20/200 vision in your best eye or that your field of vision is restricted to 20 degrees or less. For more information about additional standard deduction for any disabilities, see Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information.

See what other tax deductions you may qualify to claim on your tax return.

Standard Tax Deductions for Next Tax Year 2021

These standard deduction rates apply for next year, 2022. For current tax year 2020 tax return standard deductions rates see above. The additional standard deduction amounts for 2020 are also the same for 2021 Tax Returns. 

Filing Status
Standard Deduction
Single
$TBD
Head of Household
$TBD
Married Filing Separately
$TBD
Married Filing Jointly
$TBD
Qualifying Widow(er)
$TBD

Standard Deductions for Previous Tax Years or Back Taxes 

2019 Tax Year Standard Tax Deduction Amounts

All previous tax year tax returns can no longer be e-Filed. You can calculate and estimate back taxes with the eFile.com Tax Calculators and complete, sign and print the tax forms here on eFile.com. Click here for State Tax Returns

Filing Status
Standard Deduction
Single
$12,200
Head of Household
$18,350
Married Filing Separately
$12,200
Married Filing Jointly
$24,400
Qualifying Widow(er)
$24,400

2018 Tax Year Standard Tax Deduction Amounts

All previous tax year tax returns can no longer be e-Filed. You can calculate and estimate back taxes with the eFile.com Tax Calculators and complete, sign and print the tax forms here on eFile.com. Click here for State Tax Returns

Filing Status
Standard Deduction
Single
$12,00
Head of Household
$18,000
Married Filing Separately
$12,000
Married Filing Jointly
$24,000
Qualifying Widow(er)
$24,000

Tax Year 2017 Standard Deduction Amounts

Back Taxes can no longer be e-Filed. You can calculate and estimate back taxes with the eFile.com Tax Calculators. Then complete, sign and print the tax forms here on eFile.com. Click here for State Tax Returns

Filing Status
Standard Deduction
Single
$6,350
Head of Household
$9,350
Married Filing Separately
$6,350
Married Filing Jointly
$12,700
Qualifying Widow(er)
$12,700

Tax Year 2016 Standard Deduction Table

All previous year tax returns can no longer be e-Filed. You can find the tax forms here.

Filing Status
Standard Deduction
Single
$6,300
Head of Household
$9,300
Married Filing Separately
$6,300
Married Filing Jointly
$12,600
Qualifying Widow(er)
$12,600

Previous Tax Year 2015 Standard Deduction Table

Filing Status
Standard Deduction
Single
$6,300
Head of Household
$9,250
Married Filing Separately
$6,300
Married Filing Jointly
$12,600
Qualifying Widow(er)
$12,600

Previous Tax Year 2014 Standard Deduction Table

Filing Status
Standard Deduction
Single
$6,200
Head of Household
$9,100
Married Filing Separately
$6,200
Married Filing Jointly
$12,400
Qualifying Widow(er)
$12,400

Previous Tax Year 2013 Standard Deduction Table

Filing Status
Standard Deduction
Single
$6,100
Head of Household
$8,950
Married Filing Separately
$6,100
Married Filing Jointly
$12,200
Qualifying Widow(er)
$12,200

 

If all this information is overwhelming to you, let eFile.com make tax deductions simpler for you. We will select the correct deduction for your tax situation based on your answers to some simple tax questions. Then, we will calculate your deduction amount. However, if you want to learn more about the standard deduction, read on.

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