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Federal Standard Tax Deductions 2018

When you prepare and e-file your taxes on efile.com the app will work for your benefit. You don't have to figure out whether to itemize deductions or whether to use standardized deductions. Choosing to itemize deductions on your return or not is done by the efile.com app and presented to you. Even if the itemized deduction is more beneficial to you, you can still claim one of the federal standard deduction amounts below based on your tax return for the given tax year.

2018 Standard IRS Tax Deduction Table for 2018 Return Filed in 2019

Filing Status Standard Deduction
Single $12,000
Head of Household $18,000
Married Filing Separately $12,000
Married Filing Jointly $24,000
Qualifying Widow(er) $24,000

Previous Tax Year 2017 Standard Deduction Table

All previous year tax returns can no longer be efiled. You can download the tax forms here.

Filing Status Standard Deduction
Single $6,350
Head of Household $9,350
Married Filing Separately $6,350
Married Filing Jointly $12,700
Qualifying Widow(er) $12,700

Previous Tax Year 2016 Standard Deduction Table

All previous year tax returns can no longer be efiled. You can find the tax forms here.

Filing Status Standard Deduction
Single $6,300
Head of Household $9,300
Married Filing Separately $6,300
Married Filing Jointly $12,600
Qualifying Widow(er) $12,600

Previous Tax Year 2015 Standard Deduction Table

All previous year tax returns can no longer be efiled. Here are the tax forms for download.

Filing Status Standard Deduction
Single $6,300
Head of Household $9,250
Married Filing Separately $6,300
Married Filing Jointly $12,600
Qualifying Widow(er) $12,600

Previous Tax Year 2014 Standard Deduction Table

Filing Status Standard Deduction
Single $6,200
Head of Household $9,100
Married Filing Separately $6,200
Married Filing Jointly $12,400
Qualifying Widow(er) $12,400

Previous Tax Year 2013 Standard Deduction Table

Filing Status Standard Deduction
Single $6,100
Head of Household $8,950
Married Filing Separately $6,100
Married Filing Jointly $12,200
Qualifying Widow(er) $12,200

If all this information is overwhelming to you, let efile.com make tax deductions simpler for you. When you prepare your tax return on efile.com, we will select the correct deduction for your tax situation based on your answers to some simple tax questions. Then, we will calculate your deduction amount. However, if you want to learn more about the standard deduction, read on.

Additional Standard Deduction Amounts for Tax Year 2018

  • Age: If you are age 65 or older, you may increase your standard deduction by $1,600 if you file Single or Head of Household. If you are Married Filing Jointly and you OR your spouse is 65 or older, you may increase your standard deduction by $1,300. If BOTH you and your spouse are 65 or older, you may increase your standard deduction by $2,600.
  • Blindness: If you are legally blind, you may increase your standard deduction by $1,600 if filing Single or Head-of-Household. If you are Married Filing Jointly and you OR your spouse is blind, you may increase your standard deduction by $1,300. You may increase your standard deduction by $2,600 if BOTH you and your spouse are blind.

How to Qualify As Blind By the IRS

You must keep in your tax records a certified letter from an eye doctor (or optometrist) stating that you have non correctable 20/200 vision in your best eye or that your field of vision is restricted to 20 degrees or less.

Limits to the Standard Deduction

Read these situations below related to standard deduction limits if any of them apply to you: 

  • Dependents: Your standard deduction may be reduced if you are claimed as a dependent on another person's tax return. If you were another person's dependent during a Tax Year, your standard deduction will generally be limited to the greater of $1,050 or your earned income plus $350. Learn more about who qualifies as a dependent.
  • Married Filing Separately: If your filing status is married filing separately and your spouse itemizes deductions, you may not claim the standard deduction. If one spouse itemizes deductions then the other spouse must itemize in order to claim deductions.
  • Nonresident Aliens: Nonresident aliens and dual-status aliens are not allowed to claim the standard deduction and must itemize in order to claim tax deductions on Form 1040NR.
  • Disaster Loss: Your standard deduction may only be increased by the net amount of any disaster loss you suffered if your area is a federally declared disaster. This is the same amount you would report as an itemized deduction if you were itemizing.

More Tax Deductions to Claim on a Tax Return

See what other tax deductions you may qualify to claim on your tax return.