Qualifying Relative Dependent in 2022

Tax Year

Dependents and qualifying relatives provide substantial tax savings; see below if you can claim a qualifying relative as a dependent on your return. Information on children and taxes.

Who Is Your Other Dependent?

Taxpayers with qualifying dependents who don't qualify for the Child Tax Credit may be able to claim this tax credit (non-refundable) for other dependents. A qualifying relative is a person who meets the IRS requirements to be your dependent for tax purposes. If someone is your qualifying relative, then you can claim them as a dependent on your tax return. They may also qualify for the Child Tax Credit, Credit for Other Dependents, or the Child and Dependent Care Credit.

Certain relative dependents for tax purposes may be:

  • Of any age, including those who are age 18 or older
  • Dependents who have Social Security numbers or individual taxpayer identification numbers
  • Dependent parents or other qualifying relatives supported by the taxpayer
  • Dependents living with the taxpayer who aren't related to the taxpayer, such as a boyfriend or girlfriend - never a married spouse.

Despite the name, an IRS Qualifying Relative does not necessarily have to be related to you. This means you may be able to claim a niece or nephew, but you also may be able to claim your boyfriend or girlfriend on your taxes. Use this tax tool below to find out if you have a qualifying relative and see if they qualify for other tax credits.

Qualifying Relative as Dependent Tool Learn More About Qualifying Relatives


Can You Claim Your Relative as a Dependent?

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Qualifying Relative Educator
How is this person related to you? Relationship Details
Was the child under the age of 18 as of Dec. 31 of the tax year? Dependents and Age
Was your child:
  • - Under age 19?
  • - A student under age 24?
  • - Permanently or totally disabled at any age?
  • If any of the above are true, select Yes below.
Did the child live with you for more than half of the year?
Did the child provide more than half of his or her own support for the year?
Did the child file a joint tax return?
Is the person a qualifying dependent of any other taxpayer?
Did the person live with you all year as a member of your household?
Was the person's gross income for the year MORE than $4,400? Qualifying Relative Income
Did you have earned income during the tax year? Earned Income Details
Are you excluding or deducting at least $3,000 of dependent care benefits for this dependent? Care Benefits Details
Were your dependent care payments made to:
  • - Someone you or your spouse could claim as a dependent?
  • - Your spouse?
  • - The parent of your qualifying child who is under age 14?
  • - Your child who was under age 19 at the end of the tax year?
Select your filing status:
Do you know the care provider’s name, address, and identifying number? Or if not, did you make a reasonable effort to get this information? (See due diligence.)
Here are your results:
Is this person your dependent and can they be included on your tax return?
Does this person qualify for the Child Tax Credit, worth up to $2,000 per child? Why not $3,600?
Does this person qualify for the Credit for Other Dependents, worth up to $500 per person?
Can you claim the Dependent Care Credit for this person, worth up to $2,100? Why not $8,000?
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After using the tool to determine the status of one or more relatives or dependents, start your return on eFile.com: IT's Less Taxing! IT = Income Taxes and we make IT easy for you. Review our tax service levels and keep more of your hard-earned money during the year and when you e-file your taxes.

See more details on claiming a qualifying relative on your return. Generally, if someone lives with you and you take care of them, they may qualify as your dependent for tax purposes. This includes family relatives, but also can include a boyfriend or girlfriend. It does not, however, include a wife or husband for which you provide support for. There are no circumstances when you can claim your spouse as a dependent on your taxes, even if you provide their support (stay-at-home parent, disabled spouse, unemployed, etc.). When you file as married filing jointly, you are given several tax breaks.