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What Are the Federal Income Tax Rates by Tax Year?

Income tax rates

Before you prepare and e-file your tax return on efile.com, calculate your personal federal income tax rate based on your income and filing status.

What Is a Tax Rate?

A tax rate is the percentage at which taxes are paid on a dollar of income.

What Is a Tax Bracket?

A tax bracket is a range of income amounts that are taxed at a particular rate. Each filing status has its own tax brackets, but the tax rates are the same for all filing statuses. Most of us pay income taxes across several tax brackets, which is what makes our tax system "progressive".

When someone asks what tax bracket you fall into, they generally want to know your "marginal tax rate". This is the tax bracket that your last dollar of income falls into, and therefore the highest tax rate you pay.

Federal Income Tax Brackets by Tax Year

How Is My Income Taxed?

If your marginal tax rate is, for example, 25%, that doesn't mean that ALL of your income is taxed at 25%. Income is actually taxed at different rates. Here's how it works:

Your 2017 income is $40,000 and your filing status is Single. Your first $9,325 will be taxed at 10%. Every dollar from $9,326 to $37,950 will be taxed at 15%. Every dollar from $37,951 to $40,000 will be taxed at 25%.

If you added the taxes that you pay on each portion of your income, and then divide it by your total income (then multiply by 100), you would get your "effective tax rate". This is the actual rate you pay on your taxes, regardless of your marginal tax rate.

Where Do I Find My Federal Income Tax Rate?

See the tax rate schedules listed below by Tax Year. Find your tax return filing status and compare you income to the amounts listed to find your marginal tax rate.

2017 Tax Year Individual Income Tax Rate Schedule

Tax Rate Single Married/Joint
& Widow(er)
Married/Separate Head of Household
10% $1 to $9,325 $1 to $18,650 $1 to $9,325 $1 to $13,350
15% $9,326 to $37,950 $18,651 to $75,900 $9,326 to $37,950 $13,351 to $50,800
25% $37,951 to $91,900 $75,901 to $153,100 $37,951 to $76,550 $50,801 to $131,200
28% $91,901 to $191,650 $153,101 to $233,350 $76,551 to $116,675 $131,201 to $212,500
33% $191,651 to $416,700 $233,351 to $416,700 $116,676 to $208,350 $212,501 to $416,700
35% $416,701 to $418,400 $416,701 to $470,700 $208,351 to $235,350 $416,701 to $444,550
39.6% over $418,400 over $470,700 over $235,350 over $444,550

For a more detailed estimate of your taxes, use the free income tax estimator and tax calculator.

When you prepare your tax return online with efile.com, we apply the correct tax rates and do all the math for you. We guarantee 100% accuracy. See more benefits of using efile.com.

Attention: 2018 Tax Year Individual Income Tax Rate Schedule

Important: You should only use the information below for your 2018 Tax Return filed in 2019.

Tax Rate Single Married/Joint
& Widow(er)
Married/Separate Head of Household
10% $1 to $9,525 $1 to $19,050 $1 to $9,525 $1 to $13,600
12% $9,526 to $38,700 $19,051 to $77,400 $9,526 to $38,700 $13,601 to $51,800
22% $38,701 to $82,500 $77,401 to $165,000 $38,701 to $82,500 $51,801 to $82,500
24% $82,501 to $157,500 $165,001 to $315,000 $82,501 to $157,500 $82,501 to $157,500
32% $157,501 to $200,000 $315,001 to $400,000 $157,501 to $200,000 $157,500 to $200,000
35% $200,001 to $500,000 $400,001 to $600,000 $200,001 to $300,000 $200,001 to $500,000
37% over $500,000 over $600,000 over $300,000 over $500,000

2016 Tax Year Individual Income Tax Rate Schedule

Tax Rate Single Married/Joint
& Widow(er)
Married/Separate Head of Household
10% $1 to $9,275 $1 to $18,550 $1 to $9,275 $1 to $13,250
15% $9,275 to $37,650 $18,550 to $75,300 $9,275 to $37,650 $13,250 to $50,400
25% $37,650 to $91,150 $75,300 to $151,900 $37,650 to $75,950 $50,400 to $130,150
28% $91,150 to $190,150 $151,900 to $231,450 $75,950 to $115,725 $130,150 to $210,800
33% $190,150 to $413,350 $231,450 to $413,350 $115,725 to $206,675 $210,800 to $413,350
35% $413,350 to $415,050 $413,350 to $466,950 $206,675 to $233,475 $413,350 to $441,000
39.6% over $415,050 over $466,950 over $233,475 over $441,000

2015 Tax Year Individual Income Tax Rate Schedule

Tax Rate Single Married/Joint
& Widow(er)
Married/Separate Head of Household
10% $1 to $9,225 $1 to $18,450 $1 to $9,225 $1 to $13,150
15% $9,226 to $37,450 $18,451 to $74,900 $9,226 to $37,450 $13,151 to $50,200
25% $37,451 to $90,750 $74,901 to $151,200 $37,451 to $75,600 $50,201 to $129,600
28% $90,751 to $189,300 $151,201 to $230,450 $75,601 to $115,225 $129,601 to $209,850
33% $189,301 to $411,500 $230,451 to $411,500 $115,226 to $205,750 $209,851 to $411,500
35% $411,501 to $413,200 $411,501 to $464,850 $205,751 to $232,425 $411,501 to $439,200
39.6% over $413,200 over $464,850 over $232,425 over $439,200

2014 Tax Year Individual Income Tax Rate Schedule

Tax Rate Single Married/Joint
& Widow(er)
Married/Separate Head of Household
10% $1 to $9,075 $1 to $18,150 $1 to $9,075 $1 to $12,950
15% $9,076 to $36,900 $18,151 to $73,800 $9,076 to $36,900 $12,951 to $49,400
25% $36,901 to $89,350 $73,801 to $148,850 $36,901 to $74,425 $49,401 to $127,550
28% $89,351 to $186,350 $148,851 to $226,850 $74,426 to $113,425 $127,551 to $206,600
33% $186,351 to $405,100 $226,851 to $405,100 $113,426 to $202,550 $206,601 to $405,100
35% $405,101 to $406,750 $405,101 to $457,600 $202,551 to $228,800 $405,101 to $432,200
39.6% over $406,750 over $457,600 over $228,800 over $432,200

2013 Tax Year Individual Income Tax Rate Schedule

Tax Rate Single Married/Joint
& Widow(er)
Married/Separate Head of Household
10% $1 to $8,925 $1 to $17,850 $1 to $8,925 $1 to $12,750
15% $8,926 to $36,250 $17,851 to $72,500 $8,926 to $36,250 $12,751 to $48,600
25% $36,251 to $87,850 $72,501 to $146,400 $36,251 to $73,200 $48,601 to $125,450
28% $87,851 to $183,250 $146,401 to $223,050 $73,201 to $111,525 $125,451 to $203,150
33% $183,251 to $398,350 $223,051 to $398,350 $111,526 to $199,175 $203,151 to $398,350
35% $398,351 to $400,000 $398,351 to $450,000 $199,176 to $225,000 $398,351 to $425,000
39.6% over $400,000 over $450,000 over $225,000 over $425,000

2012 Tax Year Individual Income Tax Rate Schedule

Tax Rate Single Married/Joint Married/Separate Head of Household
10% $1 to $8,700 $1 to $17,400 $1 to $8,700 $1 to $12,400
15% $8,701 to $35,350 $17,401 to $70,700 $8,701 to $35,350 $12,401 to $47,350
25% $35,351 to $85,650 $70,701 to $142,700 $35,351 to $71,350 $47,351 to $122,300
28% $85,651 to $178,650 $142,701 to $217,450 $71,351 to $108,725 $122,301 to $198,050
33% $178,651 to $388,350 $217,451 to $388,350 $108,726 to $194,175 $198,051 to $388,350
35% over $388,350 over $388,350 over $194,175 over $388,350

2011 Tax Year Individual Income Tax Rate Schedule

Tax Rate Single Married/Joint Married/Separate Head of Household
10% $0 $0 $0 $0
15% $8,500 $17,000 $8,500 $12,150
25% $34,500 $69,000 $34,500 $46,250
28% $83,600 $139,350 $69,675 $119,400
33% $174,400 $212,300 $106,150 $193,350
35% $379,150 $379,150 $189,575 $379,150

2010 Tax Year Individual Income Tax Rate Schedule

Tax Rate Single Married/Joint Married/Separate Head of Household
10% $0 $0 $0 $0
15% $8,375 $16,750 $8,375 $11,950
25% $34,000 $68,000 $34,000 $45,550
28% $82,400 $137,300 $68,650 $117,650
33% $171,850 $209,250 $104,625 $190,550
35% $373,650 $373,650 $186,825 $373,650

2009 Tax Year Individual Income Tax Rates

Tax Rate Single Married/Joint Married/Separate Head of Household
10% $0 $0 $0 $0
15% $8,350 $16,700 $8,350 $11,950
25% $33,950 $67,900 $33,950 $45,500
28% $82,250 $137,050 $68,525 $117,450
33% $171,550 $208,850 $104,425 $190,200
35% $372,950 $372,950 $186,475 $372,950

2008 Tax Year Individual Income Tax Rates

Tax Rate Single Married/Joint Married/Separate Head of Household
10% $0 $0 $0 $0
15% $8,025 $16,050 $8,025 $11,450
25% $32,550 $65,100 $32,550 $43,650
28% $78,850 $131,450 $65,725 $112,650
33% $164,550 $200,300 $100,150 $182,400
35% $357,700 $357,700 $178,850 $357,700

2007 Tax Year Individual Income Tax Rates

Tax Rate Single Married/Joint Married/Separate Head of Household
10% $0 $0 $0 $0
15% $7,825 $15,650 $7,825 $11,200
25% $31,850 $63,700 $31,850 $42,650
28% $77,100 $128,500 $64,250 $110,100
33% $160,850 $195,850 $97,925 $178,350
35% $349,700 $349,700 $174,850 $349,700

Where Do I Find More Tax Return Calculator, Estimating Tools, and Information?

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