Does Your Child Qualify as a Dependent?
Important: Starting with Tax Year 2018 (Jan. - Dec. 2018), tax returns are changing due to Tax Reform. Our DEPENDucator tax tool is currently for Tax Year 2017, but you may use it now to get an idea of your 2018 Taxes. We will update the tool and this page as the IRS finalizes the 2018 Tax Return information. Tax Reform and you? Let efile.com help you and become eligible to Tax Win. Find out now.
If you're not sure if someone is your dependent on your tax return (or if somebody meets the IRS definition of a Qualifying Child or a Qualifying Relative), use the free efile.com "DEPENDucator" or Qualifying Child Dependent Educator tax tool below:
Start the "DEPENDucator"
(Qualifying Child Dependent Educator)
If you are the taxpayer, is this person your:
Is this person a descendant of any of the above?
Did the person live with you for more than 6 months of the Tax Year?
Was the person under age 19 by Dec. 31 of the Tax Year?
Was the person under age 24 and a full time student?
Is the person permanently and totally disabled?
Did the person provide more than 50% of their own support during the Tax Year?
Are you, the taxpayer, the dependent of another taxpayer?
Is the person married and did they file a joint return with their spouse?
Is the person (and their spouse) required to file a tax return?
If the person and their spouse file separate returns, would they owe taxes?
Did the person and their spouse file a return only to claim a refund?
Is the person a U.S. Citizen, U.S. resident alien, U.S. national, or a resident of Canada or Mexico?
No. Based on your answers, this person is not a Qualifying Child. You cannot claim them as a dependent unless they are a Qualifying Relative.
Yes. Based on your answers, you can claim this person as a dependent. They are considered a Qualifying Child.
The "DEPENDucator" Tax Tool will help you determine if someone is your Qualifying Child and your dependent. Just answer the "Yes" and "No" questions until the "DEPENDucator" provides you with an answer. Our DEPENDucator is a multi-year tool so you can use it for previous years’ tax returns as well!
See all of the requirements for claiming a Qualifying Child as a dependent.
Why Do I Claim a Dependent?
It's good to claim dependents on your tax return! Dependents mean tax exemptions and may also qualify you for certain tax credits and/or a better filing status.
Find out how to claim a dependent on your tax return.
What if Someone Is Not My Qualifying Child?
If someone is NOT your Qualifying Child, you can still claim them as a dependent if they are your Qualifying Relative. Find out if someone is your Qualifying Relative.
If My Child is a Dependent, Do They Need to File Their Own Tax Return?
Visit our guide on whether or not a dependent is required to file a tax return.