How to Prepare & File Form 1040NR or 1040NR-EZ
If you are a U.S. nonresident alien, the IRS has special rules on how to prepare and file a U.S. nonresident tax return. U.S. nonresidents will need to prepare and file Form 1040NR or 1040NR-EZ.
What is Form 1040NR and Form 1040NR-EZ?
Form 1040NR is the tax form you prepare and file if you are a nonresident of the United States.
If you are not claiming dependents, you can use Form 1040NR-EZ (the simplified version of Form 1040NR). You can also file Form 1040NR-EZ if your U.S. income only comes from the following sources:
- Refunds of state and local income taxes
- Taxable scholarship and fellowship grants
How Do I Find Out if I'm a U.S. Nonresident?
You are a nonresident if:
- You do not have a green card OR
- You do not satisfy the substantial residence requirements (you spent 31 days during the Tax Year and a total of 183 days over the past 3 years, calculating the total number of days by adding the total number of days spent in United States this year to 1/3 of the total number of days spent in United States last year, and then adding 1/6 of the total number of days spent in United States 2 years ago to that total).
How Do I Find Out if I Am a U.S. Resident?
If you meet one of the U.S. residence requirements listed above, then you are a U.S. resident. This means that you can file Form 1040-EZ, Form 1040-A, or Form 1040.
Can I File Form 1040-EZ, Form 1040-A, or Form 1040 If I Am a U.S. Nonresident?
You will need to use either Form 1040NR or Form 1040-EZ to prepare and file your tax return.
Do I Have to File a Tax Return If I Am a Foreign Student?
If you are an international student, scholar, teacher, or exchange visitor, you may have to file a U.S. tax return. Based on the IRS tax return filing requirements, whether or not you have to file a return usually depends on your income, age, and filing status.
How Do I Determine Which Tax Form I Should Prepare and File?
Your immigration status (resident alien, nonresident alien, or duel status alien) helps you determines which 1040 form (1040-EZ, 1040-A, 1040, 1040NR, or 1040NR-EZ) to prepare and file. Find out which 1040 form you should prepare and file.
Learn more about the special rules of filing a tax return as a foreign student.
What is a Duel-Status Alien?
This is a taxpayer who changed his or her status from nonresident alien to resident alien during the Tax Year.
Am I Subject to the Same U.S. Tax Rules If I Am a Resident Alien?
You may be required to pay the same taxes as U.S. citizens, as well as file a tax return.
If I Have a F-1 Student Visa, How Do I File?
If you have a F-1 student visa (and don't have a green card or do not satisfy the substantial residence requirement), you generally need to file a tax return as a nonresident alien.
Can I Claim an Education Tax Credit If I Am a Nonresident Alien?
You cannot claim an education credit for any part of the Tax Year (unless you elect to be treated as a resident alien for tax purposes).
How Do I Prepare and File Form 1040NR or 1040NR-EZ?
Though the IRS does not accept nonresident tax returns electronically, you can download and complete Form 1040NR or 1040NR-EZ in PDF format from this page. Then, you can print it out, sign it, and mail it to the IRS.
Where Do I Mail My Tax Return?
The IRS mailing address you use depends on where you live and whether you are enclosing a check.
Where Do I Find More Information on Filing Form 1040NR or 1040NR-EZ?
You can find more information on filing tax returns as a nonresident in IRS Publication 519, U.S. Tax Guide for Aliens.
See detailed information on all IRS 1040 tax form types.